To the Year 1850
Compiled by Thomas W. Baldwin, A.S., S. B., Member
New England Historic Genealogical Society
Boston, Mass., 1917

Transcribed by Dave Swerdfeger

Return to [Towns at Rays Place] [Rays Place]

Explainations and Abbreviations

January 10, 1739, the plantation called Lambstown.
January 31, 1751, part of Hardwick and the precinct of New Braintree made a district.
June 8, 1756, bounds between Hardwick and Greenwich established.
February 1, 1765, part annexed to Greenwich.
February 18, 1801, part included in the new town of Dana.
June 10, 1814, part of New Braintree annexed.
February 7, 1831, certain common lands annexed.
February 6, 1833, certain common land called Hardwick Gore annexed.
February 4, 1842, part annexed to Dana.

1765 (Prov.), 1,010; 1776 (Prov.), 1,393: 1790 (U. S.), 1,725;
1800 (U. S.), 1,727; 1810 (U. S.), 1,657; 1820 (U. S.), 1,836;
1830 (U. S.), 1,885; 1840 (U. S.), 1,789; 1850 (U. S.), 1,631;
1855 (State), 1,523; 1860 (U. S.), 1,521; 1865(State), 1,967;
1870 (U. S.), 2,219; 1875 (State), 1,992; 1880 (U. S.), 2,233;
1875 (State), 3,145: 1890 (U. S.), 2,922; 1895 (State), 2.655;
1900 (U. S.). 3,203; 1905 (State), 3,261; 1910 (U. S.), 3,524;
1915 (State), 3,596.    

1. When places other than Hardwick or Massachusetts are given in the original record they are given in the printed text.

2. In all items from the records the original spelling of the name is given and any additions made to the spelling of the record are enclosed in brackets.

3. The various spellings of a name should be examined as items about the same family or individual may be found under different spellings.

4. The birth of a married woman is recorded under her maiden name when it is known, but if the maiden name is unknown the entry appears under the husband's name with a dash enclosed in brackets, i.e. [ ], to signify that the maiden name is not known.

5. In taking records from gravestones it is often the case that the family name of a woman as given on the stone is not that under which she was born, so therefore many births may appear under a married name instead of the original, which is not shown on the stone. In many cases names are evidently those of wives, though not so specified.

6. Marriages and intentions are printed under the names of both parties. Where both the marriage and intention are recorded, only the marriage record is printed, and the date of the intention is not given, except when needed to make more clear the date of the marriage. When the marriage appears without the intention recorded it is designated with an asterisk.

7. Additional information which does not appear in the original town record, i.e., any difference shown in other records of the same person, is enclosed in parentheses with the source of the information indicated.


a. - age, aged
abl. -about
b. - born
bp. -- baptized
bur. --- buried
ch. - child
C.R. -church record
d. -daughter, died, day
Dea. --- deacon
dec. - deceased
dup. -duplicate entry
G.R.1. - grave record, Old Cemetery
G.R.2. - grave record, Central Cemetery
G.R.3. - grave record, Taylor Cemetery
G.R.4. - grave record, Baptist Cemetery
G.R.5. - grave record, Gilbertville Cemetery
h. - husband, hours
inf. -- infant
int. -- publishment of intention of marriage
Jr. - junior
md. - married
m. - month
P.R. - private record, from family bible of Rufus Case, in possession of Emma C. Hutchinson of Hubbardston.
prob. -- probably
Sr. -- senior
t.c. - from town copy
unm. -- unmarried
w. - wife, weeks
wid. - widow
widr. -- widower

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